Why is it worth using a pool cover?

A pool, that can give us pleasure, needs a good project, to be well-cared for and economical – not to mention it has to be well-built. Why are pool covers worth our money?

Cleanliness – the basis of comfort

A pool, where we can spend a good time, is a place where we have clean water. Leaves, flower petals, or other dirt that enters the water, typically tend to ruin our fun, especially while swimming.

Pool cover https://abatec-pools.com/ can undoubtedly help to avoid this problem. With its help the water – for a long period – will be in perfect shape, so we can clean it in bigger intervals.

It’s worth remembering that cleaning our pool depends not only on the extra work we have to do but also on the money that we have to spend. Sometimes we have to add to the water some chemicals, which can boost its state, but in a long period of using them, the cost of our actions can be quite expensive.

Water saving

A pool cover can guard the water not only from the dirt, but also help with water evaporation. The water that evaporates can lose its temperature, generated by the heat pump. To be blunt, this is the following way to lose our money. We can prevent it by simply buying a pool cover, that can be used not only at night when the temperature is lower, but also when the days are much colder, and we don’t use our pool. If we do this, the pool cover will be used in an extremely economical way.

We have to remember that – when the days are sunny and hot – the pool’s cover has a really significant role: it guards our pool against the heat of UV rays, which are not good for the water and at the same time for us alone.


Do you have children? If so, pool covers are “a must” to protect our little ones from harm. Children are known for being “everywhere” and there are times when we just can’t mind them – adding a pool cover can help us protect our kids from falling into the water.

A pool in our house is a real luxury, but we can’t forget that too much water can be dangerous to our children and animals. A pool cover can be the best way to keep them safe.

A pool, covered, is much safer and more comfortable. Using it is easier and much more economical. Thanks to those benefits, our pool can be used for a long time without much effort to prevent it in good shape.

Grippers and grippers for lifting and transport – what will we use them for?

When working with delicate, large-size or irregularly shaped materials, all kinds of grippers and grippers are of great help. Thanks to them, we are able to safely and precisely transport various types of items, most of which are also very heavy. Working with them would be arduous, and sometimes even impossible, so it is worth investing in specialized equipment that will greatly facilitate the performance of tasks. What can grips and grippers be used for and where are they useful?

Characteristics of grips and grippers

All grips and grippers are specialized tools that greatly facilitate work with materials that require special care and during unloading and loading. They are extremely durable and resistant to various types of mechanical damage that may arise during work. Their use during processes allows to reduce the amount of human force, as well as to increase the precision in the case of handling materials in close transport, such as, for example, metal sheets, which are intended for further processing.

When choosing the right equipment for you, it is worth paying attention to whether they have all the required safety certificates. We will be sure that they meet the highest safety standards. Investing in this specialized equipment is also a cost to increase the safety of your employees.

What and where can you use grips and grippers?

This type of equipment greatly supports the work with heavy and large materials, as well as with delicate materials, such as, for example, glass. Therefore, they will be used in warehouses and factories, in any place where work requires the use of high physical strength.

There are many models of grippers and grips on the market that are designed to work with various materials. Not everyone will be suitable for a specific material, so you need to pay special attention to the intended use of the device you choose. We can find grippers and handles suitable for carrying glass, sheet metal, but also for car parts, or for transporting and lifting barrels.

How to choose the right equipment?

Choosing the right equipment is very important if we want it to serve us for a long time and make using it comfortable. What to look for when choosing? When deciding to buy grippers, let’s check if their parameters match the devices in our company. The most important factors include:

  • Shape,
  • weight of the load,
  • temperature,
  • speed of movement,
  • duration of work,
  • conditions at the workplace,
  • materials used,
  • dimensions at the point of capture.

If we take into account the above issues when choosing specialized equipment, we can be sure that we will choose the right model.

For more information, visit the website mipromet.eu.

When the DOL Wage and Hours Inspector Comes Knocking, Is Your Business Ready?

Many employers feel really stressed when faced with a DOL inspector. Someone receives notifications with a requirement to provide documents, and someone hears a knock on the door that promises an inspector’s check. What an employer needs to know, and how to protect your business from penalties? Let’s dwell on the details.

The Essence of The H-2A Program

The essence of this program is that it allows you to hire foreign citizens, that is, non-US residents for employment. This program applies to temporary or seasonal work in the agricultural industry. The duration of such employment should not exceed a year. There are exceptions to this period in the form of extraordinary circumstances when the term of employment of foreign citizens may exceed one year. 

You should also keep in mind that you can use this program in case when there are no available employees among US residents. When applying for a program, there will be a thorough check for compliance with the requirements of this program and within 7 days the applicant must receive a response.

What Will the Department Determine?

Under current legislation, the department will determine the following:

  • There is a shortage in the labor force who are residents of the country to perform temporary and seasonal work in the field of agriculture.
  • How will the hiring of foreign workers affect the working conditions and wages of the workers with US citizenship? Accordingly, in case of a negative impact, the employer will receive a refusal from the department. 

How to Submit Application to This Program?

Employers can apply for this program using the online FLAG system. The submission process consists of the following steps:

  1. Filling a Job Order form to your state’s SWA. This includes submitting such forms as ETA-790, ETA-790A. At this stage, you will work out your forms, fix mistakes, and launch the process of recruiting workers from the USA. Please note that this process must be started 60-75 calendar days before starting work.
  2. Filling for H-2A to the NPC. After this, the NPC will begin reviewing your application. This process will report any deficiencies, and you are likely to receive additional instructions to complete the application approval process. This process must be started at least 45 calendar days from the date of commencement of work.
  3. The process of hiring employees who are residents of the country. The process of recruitment for a job is the responsibility of the employer. That is, the employer himself has the right to decide how and when to advertise the hiring campaign. You will need to prepare a hiring report. This process begins after receiving a notice from the NPC.
  4. The next step is the final one. At this stage, additional documents may be required for the NPC to obtain a final decision. This process must take place not less than 30 days before the date of work start.

Please note that H-2A filing is possible through the FLAG system. On the official website, there are guides as well as video tutorials with which you can figure out how to fill out a form in an online format.

If it is not possible to submit documents online, you can send documents using postal services. In this case, the employer must necessarily indicate there is no access to the online system.

What Penalties Are  In This Program

After you have discovered the application process, it may seem that this is a simple process. But in practice, many are faced with both refusals and subsequent fines due to ignorance, misunderstanding, and lack of deepening in particularities of the law. As for the penalties after the approval of this program, keep in mind the following cases:

  • Violation of work contract (8 USC 1188 (r) (2)). A fine is $1,766.
  • Willful violation of work contract (8 USC 1188 (r) (2)). A fine is $5942.
  • Violation of the terms of the employment contract in the context of housing, health provision, transportation safety, and so on, which leads to serious injury or death. A fine is $58,833.
  • Repeated breach of an employment contract in the context of housing, health provision, transportation safety resulting in serious injury or death. A fine of $ 117,664.
  • Employer’s refusal to cooperate in an investigation. A fine is $5942.
  • Violations associated with the laying off/dismission of both local and foreign workers. A fine is $ 17,650.
  • Violation in the context of rejecting a US worker applying for employment. A fine is $17,650.

All this makes the process of obtaining this program, as well as the activities within its program, very complicated. The services of a professional lawyer will protect you as an employer from refusal to receive approval for the program, as well as from penalties, which will be a waste of time and money.

How to Find An Experienced H-2A Attorney to Avoid Problems with DOL Wage and Hours Inspector

A specialist with relevant experience is a kind of life vest when an inspector comes to you. Firstly, the specialist will help you even at the stage of filing applications and all other documents. As you have already seen above, it is vital to adhere to the deadlines, and the whole application approval process is complicated. Secondly, the law-savvy professional will eliminate the risks of receiving fines and help to cope with all the legal issues, avoiding penalties.

If you are interested in quality services from a specialist with many years of successful experience, then you should contact an experienced Southern Illinois H-2A Law Firm. Their team will allow you not to worry about receiving approval to participate in the program or an inspector’s sudden visit. It is better to spend reasonable money for the services of professionals than to waste insane sums to pay off penalties later. Don’t discount your work and your time.

Wrapping Up

We kindly advise you not to rely on the fact that an inspection will bypass your business. Cooperate with a professional law firm and protect your business from troubles and penalties. P.S. A protection for your nervous system is included as well. 

Agriculture Investment

Finding the best agriculture investment could be tricky to the inexperienced investor with no knowledge with the sector, but you can find of course a variety of options available including agriculture investment funds, direct agricultural land investment, and buying equities in agricultural companies. In this article I will go one method or another to investigating various options, the health risks they given to investors, the mechanics of how every sort of agriculture investment works, along with the returns that happen to be currently being achieved.

Firstly we’ll look at the relevance of agriculture investment with the current overall economy, and whether this kind of sector shows us indication of being able to generate growth and income.

The Current Economic Climate

The global economy continues to be in a state of turmoil, plus the UK for example is lowering public spending to relieve an unmanageable national debt, the people is growing, and quantitative easing may well lead us in a period of extended inflation. Also, deficiency of economic visibility signifies that it is very not easy to value assets for instance stocks, and interest levels being so low implies that our cash deposits are certainly not generating any tangible income to talk of.

So exactly what does this mean for investors? It shows that we have to buy assets which have a positive correlation with inflation i.e. each up in value quicker compared to the rate of inflation, these assets need to generate an income to change the income we have now lost from cash, and ultimately any asset that people purchase need to have a strong and measurable background.

It is incredibly clear that agriculture investment, especially paying for agricultural land, displays the options of growth, income, an optimistic correlation with inflation, is not difficult to value, and has now a clear and evident qualifications to analyse, and thus agriculture investment ticks every one of the relevant boxes to potentially get to be the ideal asset class for investors today.

Agriculture Investment Fundamentals

The fundamentals supporting agriculture investment are pretty simple to measure; as being the global population grows we require more food, to create more food we end up needing more agricultural land because this is the resource that provides the many grain and cereals that individuals eat, and the many space to graze the livestock that finish up on our plate. So we are dealing with an exceptionally basic question of supply and demand, if demand increases and offer can’t continue, value of the underlying asset increases, why don’t we look at a few of the key indicators of supply and demand for agriculture investment.

For seven on the last eight years we have now consumed more grain than we’ve produced, bringing the world store into critical levels.

Since 1961 the quantity of agricultural land per person has dropped by 50% (0.42 hectares per person to 0.21 hectares per part of 2007).

The global human population are expected to grow by 9 billion by 2050.

Most think tanks and experts believe that we’re going to need to increase the volume of agricultural land by 50% to compliment that growth, essentially a productive field the dimensions of greater London have to be found once a week.

In the very last ten years which has no more land has become bought into production as global warming, degradation and development plus a host of additional factors mean that there is little if any more new land we’re able to use to farm.

The underlying asset that creates our food, the land, becomes more valuable fat loss people demand food.

Agricultural land value rise if the food it produces is usually sold for a better price, making owning farmland more profitable, and food price is at a 40 year low, leaving room between 400% price inflation. In fact a bushel of wheat cost around $27 noisy . seventies and today costs just $3.

Farmland in the UK has risen in value by 20% from June 2009 to June 2010, and 13% last year alone based on the Knight Frank Farmland Index.

So the basic principles supporting agriculture investment are sound and also clearly demonstrate a fantastic picture for potential investment. But can we absorb price inflation? Well you can find a countless studies that inform us very clearly that as being a population, we absorb increases in food prices almost 100%, and sacrifice spending in the areas, so yes, we could.

Methods of Agriculture Investment

Agriculture Investment Funds

There a wide range of types of agriculture investment funds to pick from, most buy farming businesses, other purely in arable land, while others by stock in agricultural services companies. Most agriculture investment money is showing excellent growth, and also the fact that they may be buying has grown the level of demand available in the market therefore their mere presence is causing capital growth. Rural agent Savills recently commented within the fact that they have accessibility to £7 billion in capital from fund to obtain farms, that’s enough capital to obtain six times the quantity of farmland which is to be advertised in the UK this current year, the truth is, in accordance with Knight Frank there is 30% less farmland advertised this season from last, and buyer enquiries have risen by 9%.

To speak about risk as it were, danger involved with this fund based investment method that you give over control to some fund manager that will spend your cash for you and find assets that she / he believes are relevant. Also, if a person fund performs badly, very often has a knock on effect for other agriculture investment funds as confidence in this type of strategy has a hot, you’ll be able to therefore lose value through no fault of your family. You also have to repay a fund management fee, eating in your profits.

In terms from the returns you can expect from the fund, this varies wildly but a majority of project annual returns of approximately 10%, even if this will vary according to a whole host of factors such as fund management, investment strategy, and general market conditions.

Buying Shares in Agricultural Companies for an Agriculture Investment

Another selection for chose considering cashing in on agriculture investment is to buy shares within an agricultural business, be that your farming business, or maybe a services business, your options to consider vary in color tremendously and careful thought have to be undertaken to pick out a suitable market (LSE, NASDAQ etc), and then the right company where you can invest. The business of picking shares remains, for me, employment best left to people with the time, experience and resources to carefully investigate the company, its management, also it product line, in support of those company displaying sound fundamentals must be added to some portfolio.

The risk the following is as with any equity based investment, a down-swing available in the market can cause a fantastic company to get rid of value and therefore affect the wealth from the investor in the negative way. We have all seen recently what sort of bear market will bring down profitable companies and also the whole premise of agriculture investment is always to avoid stock markets and add a component of non-correlation to some portfolio, ensuring the investor owns an asset which is unaffected by volatile stock markets.

So does an agriculture investment in the type of shares suit you perfectly? Well certainly not, even as we were looking for stability, non-correlation, a good correlation with inflation and income, and also this mode of agriculture investment ticks none of these boxes in addition to a nominal dividend.

Buying Farmland being an Agriculture Investment

In my estimation the most sensible strategy for investors is always to acquire profitable farmland that has a history of producing an ongoing revenue yield, and rent that land with a commercial farmer. This mode of agriculture investment allows the customer to access a good point that displays each of the characteristics that any of us are looking for, non-correlation with stock markets, positive correlation with inflation, income and growth, as UK farmland will continue to increase in value yet continues to be only half the cost of agricultural land in Ireland, Denmark as well as the Netherlands, leaving an enormous margin for future growth.

There are certainly a number of risks to contemplate here as well, sourcing good land as an example, and certainly sourcing and operating a farming tenant, these risks can all be managed effectively by partnering which has a specialist agriculture investment consultancy which will handle the sourcing of both land and tenant and as well handle all ongoing management too.

So to summarise, if a person is for making an agriculture investment, a good choice right at this moment should be to buy agricultural land, giving the investor growth and income within a volatile market.

David Garner is Partner at boutique alternative investment boutique DGC Asset Management Limited.

Best Agriculture Jobs Online

How serious are you currently in your search for jobs in agriculture?

Searching agriculture employer sites for jobs in agriculture could be an extremely tedious task.

The primary reason is there are of a huge number of agriculture employers located around the United States plus it would call for years to scan their job boards.

However, these employer job boards are incredibly critical as most agriculture jobs posted on employer job boards will not be posted any place else.

So searching these employer job boards has to be part of your work search.

There are a large number of agriculture jobs posted on multilple web sites. Agriculture efforts are found on employer sites, job boards, recruiter sites and niche sites specifically centering on the agriculture profession.

The job titles to the agriculture profession differs based on experience and education level.

If you want agriculture job openings for example department of agriculture jobs or need to start a new career in agriculture this job site is available for you.

This site can tell you where to find the hidden agriculture jobs that exist all round the web.

At any single stage, there are a huge number of agriculture jobs posted on multilple web sites. The secret is always to know best places to look and the way to extract the agriculture jobs.

Use this web site and connection to all kinds of jobs in agriculture and agriculture related jobs. You can also find the highly wanted department of agriculture jobs.

The point could there be are many agriculture job openings online and now finding them can be quite easy.

Agriculture-Jobs-Online.com is really a one stop guide for anything and everything relevant to finding agriculture jobs and agriculture resources for instance links to agriculture recruiters and agriculture employers.

Recruiters inside the agriculture profession get into various categories such staffing, retained search, permanent placement, and temporary placement.

There are countless recruiters specializing from the agriculture field. The best way to quickly search their sites for agriculture jobs is usually to visit the Recruiter Links part of WorkTree.com

  • Agriculture Credit Analyst
  • Agriculture Associate Buyer
  • Agriculture Manager
  • SProduction Supervisor
  • Food Processing
  • Agriculture Clerk
  • Senior Agriculture Analyst
  • Audit Manager
  • Agriculture Assistant
  • Agriculture Supervisor

Diversification in Agriculture Sector

Agriculture requires the cultivation of land, raising and rearing of animals, for production of food for man, feed for animals and recycleables for industries. It involves forestry, fishing, processing and marketing of the agricultural products. Essentially, it can be composed of crop production, livestock, forestry, and fishing.

Agriculture may be the mainstay of numerous economies. All over the world, enhancing an enduring economy goes together with agricultural development thus, there exists a need for Nigeria to use her various agricultural resources to full potential to be able to accelerate her quest and efforts to achieving sustainable economic development.

Agriculture is regarded as a catalyst for that overall growth of any nation; development economists have always assigned the agriculture sector a central set up the development process, early development theorists though emphasized industrialization, they counted on agriculture to produce the necessary creation of food and unprocessed trash, combined with the labour force that may gradually be absorbed by industry and services sector. Much later thinking moved agriculture towards the forefront of the event process; the wants technical difference in agriculture and “green revolution” suggested agriculture as being the dynamo and magic wand for economic growth and development.

The industrial revolution with the Nineteenth century which catapulted the agrarian economies on most countries of Europe got their stimuli from agriculture; the sector in the past has also worked a significant miracle in countries like Mexico, India, Brazil, Peru, Philippines and China in which the Green Revolution was one from the great success stories. Indeed, value of agriculture in different nation’s economy are not over emphasized, as an example, in United States of America, agriculture contributes about 1. 1% in the country’s Gross Domestic Product.

The above statistic indicated that a lot more developed a country would be the lower the contribution of agriculture to Gross Domestic Product. Economy diversification is undoubtedly an economic development strategy seen as a increasing the numbers from the revenue base of your economy. The Nigerian economy is really a mono-cultural economy determined by crude oil because the main supply of her revenue, it really is crucial that government should never keep on believing that oil has an endless method of obtaining revenue.

As reliant on priority, Nigeria government must encourage the rapid diversification of Nigeria’s economy as this would be the only sustainable method to survive the actual environment of global economic uncertainty of international oil price volatility and shocks, unfavourable quota system and depletion.

Diversification within the agriculture sector is therefore suggested for Nigeria as being a developing economy to guarantee food and nutritional security, income and employment generation, poverty alleviation and encourage industrialization, ease pressure on balance of payment, reliable method to obtain government revenue and overall economic continuing development of the country.

Prior towards the political crisis of 1967-1970, agriculture’s positive contributions for the economy were instrumental in sustaining economic growth and stability. The bulk of food demand was satisfied from domestic output, thereby obviating the desire to utilize scarce foreign currency resources on food importation.

Stable boost in agricultural exports constituted the backbone of your favorable balance of trade. Sustainable degrees of capital were based on the agricultural sector from the imposition of countless taxes and accumulation of selling surpluses, that have been used to finance many development projects such as being the building and construction of Ahmadu Bello University (Zaria) and first Nigerian skyscraper-cocoa house in Ibadan. The sector, which employed 71% from the total labourforce in 1960, employed only 56% in 1977, the phone number stood at 68% in 1980, falling to 55% in 1986, 1987 and 1988; and 57% annually from 1989 to 1992, and it has continued to nosedive into 2000s since the result in the neglect on the sector.

To channel itself in relation to modern development, Nigeria should examine what factors hindered the introduction of its agricultural sector, that was the backbone with the Nigerian economy prior to era of oil boom. It should rectify the mistakes it produced in over 54 years by immediately putting these strategic plans into action. The people of Nigeria can uplift themselves from poverty and distress by eradicating corruption and devoting themselves to focus on progress.

The 2020:20 initiative could keep Nigeria devoted to improving their economy and put together with a significant effort to reducing food imports and increase food production inside their own country, Nigeria can witness a timely turnaround in their investment. Nigeria has the required components constantly in place to return in an agricultural-based economy. Research has indicated that a return in an agricultural economy it isn’t just possible, and definitely will greatly help the entire country of Nigeria.

To achieve sustainable economic development and also to lift the dormant and continuously dwindling contribution in the agriculture sector, Nigeria will need to have some recommended pre-requisites diversification policies for instance provision of monetary resources to sector to have it up and functioning; a mix of government provision of subsidies, improved and high yielding seedlings and breeds internet hosting is companies and small-scale farmer producing the size of 85% with the sector’s agricultural output are essential to boost the agricultural market.

There also have to revise the actual import and export regulations to really make it more convincing for other countries to simply accept agricultural products from Nigeria. It can be an established fact by purchasing the population that has reached over 170 million, vast cultivatable farmland, a conducive climate and soil, Nigeria has the essential productive resources instructed to have a strong welcome back in the agriculture sector just as one engine to achieving sustainable economic development.

The Effect of Commodity Prices on Farmland Investments

Agricultural Productivity and Commodity Prices

This article since the effect of commodity prices on agriculture investments continues to be produced when considering providing quality reference material to the prospective Investor thinking about the sector, specifically for that Investor desperate to better understand to relationship and influence of commodity prices and agricultural productivity in agriculture investments.

Investors are consumed by the agriculture sector for a variety of reasons; most famously the undeniable fundamental trends of skyrocketing demand and contracting supply very likely to drive higher asset prices and revenues in the foreseeable future. Farm revenues on the very basic level can be a combination of agricultural yield multiplied by commodity prices, in order to better view the performance of the asset class, we have to look at commodity prices and productivity in the historical context that allows you to ascertain whether higher pricing is here to stay, or a part of a longer term price cycle.

At present, humankind utilises approximately 50 % of accessible, productive land for agriculture. Put yet another way, one half of the Earth’s surface which is not desert, water, ice or some other such unusable space for example urbanised areas is needed to grow crops.

With current emphasis firmly upon increasing productivity in order to meet current and future interest in food, feed and fuel from an expanding, wealthier global population, the fact we only use 50 % of the usable global stock of farmland indicates that we ought to be in a position to simply bring more land under agricultural cultivation from the application of well-placed infrastructure and technology investments. Unfortunately, the problem as always, just isn’t quite as simplistic as that. In fact, the land do not currently use for agriculture remains so given it accommodates vital natural ecosystems, can be found in areas of conflict, or possibly is simply not capable of producing commercially viable yields at current commodity prices i.e. the revenue produced from the land doesn’t cover the expense of the farming operations because of poor yields.

Before the creation of what can be considered modern agricultural practices, the worldwide population ebbed and flowed at about 4 million people, rising when use of food was abundant, and falling in occasions when food was tricky to find. These people existed as hunter-gatherers collecting the meals they consumed for survival each day from nature, and then the size on the human race was intrinsically tied to a sustainable level. To put this into context, up until the development of modern agriculture, the worldwide population was roughly half todays population of London.

Then, some 10,000 years back, modern agriculture was created, presenting us having the ability to cultivate plants and rear livestock inside a concentrated fashion, enabling us to give ourselves regardless of vagaries of nature.

As the population continues to expand after dark current degree of 7 billion and towards commonly accepted total carrying capacity of planet Earth of 13 billion, primarily think tanks believing the worldwide population will peak at about 9 billion people between 2030 and 2050, we’ve got to continue to improve productivity not only to secure ourselves, but additionally more recently for biofuels as oil supplies diminish as well as for livestock feed to sate the will for meat from a more and more wealthy, urbanised population in Asia.

Initially, increases in productivity to satisfy growing demand came from simply cultivating more land. But as the worldwide shortage of suitable land will continue to diminish, we’ve got relied a lot more heavily around the increasing using fertilisers, herbicides, fungicides and water to enhance yield, certainly during the last 50 years.

Between 1961 and 1991, global cereal production doubled, mostly as a result of the introduction of nitrogen based fertilisers, commonly referred to because the Green Revolution, whereas bringing more land under cultivation played a rather minor role. According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation from the United Nations, (FAO), this sharp 30 yr spike in agricultural productivity is usually broken down to show that 78% from the increase was caused by a boost in productivity per unit of land, and 7% could be attributed to greater cropping intensity, with only 15% as a result on the development of previously unused land into farmland.

The Recent Commodity Boom

Commodities happen to be quite the main objective in recent times, with prices rising consistently since 2000, finally peaking at record levels in 2008. Many reason that this is simply section of a long-term cycle in agricultural commodity prices, noting that this same effect was felt in the oil crisis with the 1970’s. During that time, the expense of oil rose by 200%, which in-turn drove food prices because the price of oil is usually a significant aspect in the overall cost of agricultural inputs including fuel and fertilisers.

In the long-term though, when adjusted for inflation food prices happen to be in decline because the 1950’s. In fact, between 1950 and 2000, food prices in solid terms fell by about 50 per cent on the same time the worldwide population increased from 2.5 billion in order to six.1 billion.

Whilst about the face than it this does apparently go against the essential economics of supply and demand, when further investigation is done things start to make more sense. Whilst it applies that requirements have literally exploded – and it is now being compounded from the use of ‘food land’ for your production of non-food crops for biofuels – for the same time, on account of the technologies designed by the Green Revolution, agricultural productivity has tripled, increasing at a faster pace and allowing supply to outpace demand.

This happy situation continued until across the mid 1980’s, where grain production per capita peaked at about 380 kg per person, having risen from around 280 kg per part of the early 1960’s. It is also worth noting the majority of increased production was ultimately employed for livestock feed to sate the growing requirement for meat from a progressively more wealthy population. Before that this same thing happened throughout the great depression with the 1930’s.

Agriculture Education

The Philippines is undoubtedly an agrarian economy with agriculture being the leading occupation of the people. Most of that citizens are now living in the rural areas and follow various livelihood options from the agricultural sector. The total land area inside country is 30 million hectares, out of which one 47% is under agriculture. Prime agricultural lands are found around the leading urban and high population density areas.

The agricultural sector in Philippines is divided into four sub-sectors comprising of farming, fisheries, livestock and forestry. Rice and corn be the cause of nearly 50% from the agricultural produce inside the country. This has resulted in the increased awareness about agricultural studies.

Besides rice and corn, another important crop yields inside the country are coconut, bananas, pineapple, coffee, mangoes and abaca (a banana type plant). Apart from these, the secondary agriculture produce include peanut, cassava, garlic, onion, egg-plant, cabbage, rubber, cotton and calamansi (sort of lemon).

The agricultural land inside the country can be a mixture of small, medium and larger farms. An average farm dimension is about 2 hectares which can be usually owned and managed by single family units and add subsistence on the commercial production. The typical farming system constitutes of crop yields like rice, corn and coconut as common base plus includes a few heads of livestock and poultry.

Due to all or any these prevailing conditions, a necessity was felt to impart understanding of the various agricultural practices as well as the latest trends being followed across the globe. This gave birth for the Agriculture Colleges in Philippines, some of that happen to be owned by a state.

The following colleges within the country are thought to be the most effective in terms of infrastructure, the faculty as well as the quality of education.

Pampanga Agriculture College: Primarily established as a possible agricultural school, Pampanga Agriculture College became a state college in September 1974. Originally were only available in 1885, this century old institution is situated on the foothills from the Majestic Mt. Arayat inside the town of Magalang, province of Pampanga. It is distributed on an region of 700 hectares of government agricultural lands. The main focus on the college is on Instruction, Research & Development, Extension Training and Production.

Presently the faculty offers 13 under-graduate courses, 2-year computer course, 2-year course in agricultural technology, agricultural science secondary school, and graduate schools for three masters and three doctoral degrees.

Xavier University – College of Agriculture: This prestigious institution was founded in 1953 from the late Fr. William F. Masterson which is the second oldest within the colleges of agriculture in Mindanao and in addition has the proud position to become the only Catholic College of Agriculture inside entire country. It is also the founding member with the Association of Colleges of Agriculture with the Philippines (ACAP).

The curriculum of Xavier University – College of Agriculture can be a distinctive mixture of active field work plus the liberal arts formation. The main thrust with the college is on Instruction, Research, Extension and Production.

Apart on the above two schools, in addition there are many other state sponsored Universities which offer education for the different elements of agriculture. Most from the colleges are associated with some overseas faculty and organizations which offer valuable inputs all the time.

The Economic Role Of Agriculture

The “Chinese economic miracle” have captured the complete world’s attention, particularly if it comes to production, manufacturing, sourcing, FDI inflow to China etc’. But should we know about the most significant sector from the Chinese labour market – the agricultural sector?

The PRC inherited a ruined country, exhausted from both artificial disasters including warlords, civil wars, occupation, and disasters, droughts, famine, and floods.

During the Mao era, the Chinese government completed a wide ranging land reform inside the rural areas. Farmers with minimal land got land of their, significantly arousing their enthusiasm for production. Overall in Mao’s period, China’s agriculture developed slowly, with many golden times for instance 1953-57 once the yearly gross output increased by 4.5% an average of.

Under Mao, the conceptual role of agriculture was imperative. The Chinese farmer was fundamentally the equivalent for the Soviet blue collar proletarian, thus the significance of the farmers inside class struggle was fundamental.

After 1978 and in the reforms, China introduced your family contract responsibility system, linking remuneration to output, and did start to dismantle the people’s commune system, eliminating the hyperlinks between organizations of state power and economic organizations. Contracting land to farmers altered the distribution way of land and mobilized the farmers’ enthusiasm for production. As a result, for six years following 1978, agricultural output grew in excess of twice as fast because the average growth rate above the previous 25 years.

The reforms made the marketplace play a simple role in adjusting supply and demand situation for agricultural products and allocating resources, and aroused the farmers’ creativeness and enthusiasm for production.

On the full, the reformist thrust of China’s economic policy since 1978 has benefited agriculture, the way it has benefited the economy generally. Nevertheless, after 3 decades of reforms, the sector remains behind the majority of the other sectors within the Chinese economy.

The economic and political role of agriculture in contemporary China –

  1. Food security. In an extremely large and populated country like China, the technique of food security is fundamentally important. The task of feeding its people continues to be perhaps the first priority of their rulers throughout history.
  2. Political and social stability. The farmers of China are acknowledged to have a “rebellious spirit”, that is well documented inside the history books. When famine, war, or another extreme conditions was held, the farmers of China, whom use being the majority on the population, and remain for being the largest gang of China’s people, decided to strike. Thus, there’s a consensus there is no stability devoid of the farmers / agriculture, along with order in order to avoid “da luan” – big chaos, the farmers have to be kept quiet and content. At present still, the farmers of China are definitely the largest, yet under-represented group, which sports ths keys to stability in China.
  3. Employment tool. The concept of agriculture as a possible employment tool in China is a little of a paradox. On the one hand there’s a massive scale of labour surplus within the agricultural sector, contributing to underemployment as well as unemployment. On the other hand, agriculture remains being the biggest sector to blame for the employing feeding, and thus keeping social and political order close to 60% of China’s population.
  4. GDP share. The reforms inside the early 1980s initially increased the relatively share with the agricultural sector. The share of agricultural output inside the total GDP rose from 30% in 1980 to 33% in 1983. Since then, however, the share of agriculture within the total GDP has fallen fairly steadily, and also by 2003 it turned out only 14%. These figures indicate a rather small share in the agricultural sector, nevertheless a noteworthy one inside overall performance in the Chinese economy.

What are definitely the main obstacles on the agricultural sector in China than?

  1. Natural resources and disasters. At the beginning with the 21st century, China has still to deal with and take care of a number of severe ecological / environmental problems, some include the consequences of human mistakes, plus some are simply a consequence of “mother nature’s” course. The main complaints are water supply, i.e. shortage, wastage and quality. In the agricultural context, irrigation is likely being the most important factor.
  2. Education. Chinese policy documents report that national modernization is determined by accelerating quantity-quality transition within the countryside, just because a large “low quality” rural populace hinders progression from tradition, poverty and agrarianism to modernity and prosperity.
  3. Technology. The standard of an country’s agriculture is appraised, above all, through the competence of the farmers. Poorly trained farmers aren’t capable of applying advanced methods and technology. Deng Xiaoping always stressed the prominent of science and technology within the development of agriculture. He said – “The growth and development of agriculture depends first on policy, and second on science. There is no limit to developments in technology and science, nor to your role that they may play….inside the end it might be that science will give you a solution to our agricultural problems”.

Accordingly, China is seeking technology transfer inside agricultural sector, formed by joint ventures with international collaborators.

  1. Limited investment from government. Between the Second and Fifth five-year plan periods (1958-1962 and 1976-1980), agriculture’s share of capital construction along with relevant sorts of investment made available because of the state remained slightly over 10%. In 1998 agriculture and irrigation accounted, respectively, on the cheap thsn 2% and 3.5% of the state construction investment.
  2. Limited inflow of FDI – foreign direct investment. Most sectors in China enjoy a tremendous inflow of FDI, which particularly helped into two dimensions – technology transfer and capital availability. The lack of some other funding, followed by a reduced local funding contributed towards the deterioration on the agricultural sector.

Africa Promotes Agriculture

“There are few good ways to show one’s passion for one’s country along with the well-being of your nation when compared with working on the soil.”

  • Nelson Mandela

Here in this post, we are going to talk about Africa and it is agriculture sector, which remained neglected for several years. Of late, African governments appear to have woken approximately the need of promoting their agriculture and produce better skilled workforce. However, before we delve deep into this matter, let’s familiarize ours using what the Africa’s agriculture sector entails.

About 65% of Africa’s labour force is required in the agriculture sector; however, the sector has still been underdeveloped and makes up about about 32% of GDP, on account of low productivity. Here are a few more figures to suit your needs:

Africa has 60% in the world's arable land
By 2030, agriculture sector in Africa could be $1 trillion strong
Agriculture sector to generate 16 million jobs by 2030

These figures clearly indicate the large potential which the sector holds. Seeing the opportunities which are waiting to get tapped, several end-to-end training companies have entered the agriculture space. And these companies are impacting your entire agriculture value chain in Africa using end-to-end learning solutions, such as programs like agriculture sales education in Kenya that impact the productivity with the farm agents and seed distributors. Apart from agriculture sales training, there are several more programs which were recently devised to enhance the commercial agriculture inside the African countries.

Apart from agriculture sales lessons in Kenya, learning companies are suffering from a number of other programs as well to improve development from the agriculture sector. The programs usually are meant to skill the manpower making them productive in a variety of areas of agriculture sector. Skilled manpower is likely to get more productive and easy-learners. And the neatest thing is they may be used to work instantly.

Governments in numerous African countries are introducing new policies and programs to market the sector and make skilled manpower. The governments have understood that agriculture training and education, for instance agriculture sales lessons in Kenya, possess a direct affect agricultural productivity and so on the performance of ancillary businesses and trade. The recommendations for the desired growth inside commercial agriculture lie in production for market, diversification in crops and cropping patterns, and using of mobile telephony/ICT.

Agriculture has got the potential to affect the very economic face of Africa. Only if the governments of African countries can continue to keep up using their agriculture-friendly policies and schemes, the sector might find immense growth and development of millions of new jobs.

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